The resettlement of the Sudeten Germans from the borderland represented not only a change in the ethnic composition of the local population, but also its absolute decrease. In many places, it resulted also in a change of the landscape management. Most of the meadows turned into forests, many fields into meadows or straight into forests as well. This served as a basis for comparison of the carbon stocks in the intensively cultivated and afforested territories.
Forest ecosystems are one of the largest carbon pools (about 80% of above-ground C). Approximately 70% of all the global soil carbon stocks are to be found in forest soils. The increasingly growing forest cover based on agricultural land can bind as much as a tonne of carbon per year until reaching a plateau, which in the submontane and mountain areas may represent 50-150 tonne/hectare of raw humus with approximately 50% carbon content. Let alone the enrichment of mineral soil horizons.
VOPRAVIL, J., PODRÁZSKÝ, V., KHEL, T., HOLUBÍK, O., VACEK, S. (2014): Effect of Afforestation of agricultural soils and tree species composition on soil physical characteristics changes. Ekologia-Bratislava, roč. 33, č. 1, s. 67-80.